Wednesday, April 22, 2009
Wednesday, April 15, 2009
Wednesday, April 8, 2009
The Petronas Twin Towers, the third and forth tallest buildings in the world were completed in 1998 were designed by Cesar Pelli. The Towers stand tall and proud in the center of the capital city of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur and were based off of the five pillars of Islam. These towers are part of the Kuala Lumpur City Centre (KLCC) and were the first of seven main sections built. The other sections include a convention center, hotels, and a shopping center.
Cesar Pelli, of Argentine birth became an American architect. “From 1954 to 1964 he worked for Eero Saarinen and was project designer for Saarinen's TWA Terminal (1956-62) at Idlewild (now John F. Kennedy) Airport, New York, and for the Samuel B. Morse and Ezra Stiles colleges (1958-62) at Yale University, New Haven, CT.”
These Towers have eighty-eight stories and stand at 457.9 meters tall. A sky-bridge connects the two towers. It is the tallest sky-bridge in the world and is located at the forty-first and the forty-second floors. The bridge spans 58.4 meters and is 170 meters off the ground. Stainless steel cladding and glass were used in the construction of the two towers. “ The tower’s floor plan design is based on simple Islamic geometric forms of two interlocking squares creating a shape of eight-pointed stars. Upon the eight-pointed stars, are eight superimposed semi-circles softening the inner angles.” (2) By using concrete for such a tall structure, the cores were cast in place. Perimeter columns and ring beams (used for wind control) were used for vertical load carrying capacity. There are sixteen main tower columns, cantilevered points that alternate, and a stainless steel pinnacle top.
The interior holds just as much grandeur as the exterior. There is an area that is home to the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra that holds over 800 seats. A modern museum themed ‘oil and gas’ resides there as well. An art gallery and a fitness center are art of the seven sections in the Kuala Lumpur City Centre. There is a reference library that has things related to energy, and petroleum. In front of the towers there is a park that was designed by Roberto Burle Marx a Brazilian landscape architect.
Thursday, April 2, 2009
Wednesday, April 1, 2009
Illuminate: Illumination can be an idea or knowledge was illuminated to you or in the literal sense where it deals with light. Our most recent project was to build something out of MDF board that played with light and shadow. Some of the students used the negative space to have the light shine through others, as S. Burrowes said, “tried to contain the light source within” their projects.
Rotation: Like the rotation of the moon around the earth, ideas rotate around and through societies. People often bounce ideas off of each other or find a quality of an object or drawing that they like and change it by scale or proportions. By seeing the styles in an area architects can take it to their city and reproduce it.
Movement: In the 18th and 19th Centuries trade became huge. People were traveling to America, China, and other exotic places coming in contact with the culture there. By seeing other parts of the world you see their cultures and different styles that they take from the varying temperatures.
Reflection: A reflection can be looking back on earlier projects or an actual reflection like reflections off a lake or symmetry. By reflecting back on previous works you can get new ideas or can improve the old ones in a way that you did not see or consider before.
Source: As the Romans looked to the Greeks as a source, the Americans, at first looked to the British. Through seeing a style different cultures made it their own style, but still held ties to what the object or style originally came from. Later the Americans wanted to “get away” from the British in all forms, as in clothing and architecture. At first the houses in America were almost exact replicas of what was made in England, because that is what they knew about the world.
Revisiting some of the words from before is interesting in that we now have even more knowledge and maybe a different perspective on the words for the week. We also have something else to say or a different way of conveying what we want said that can be taking to a higher level.